2019-11-23
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The Origin and History of Carpets
Point:    Add Time:2019-03-25

As for the origin of carpet, there is no exact statement so far. But tracing back to the history of carpet production, many people think that carpet production is not a continuous stream and spread, but originated from their own independent and unrelated places according to the needs of nomadic life. Many countries in the world have their own different carpet production history: 3000 years ago, the inhabitants of the Nile River Basin in North Africa weaved linen carpets and decorated them with colorful lace; 1449-1423 B.C., Egypt weaved colorful jacquard carpets; 558-529 B.C., there was a purple-red Babylonian carpet in the funeral of Cyrus the Great Emperor of Unified Persia; In 400 years, "8" shaped knotted carpet appeared in Siberia.

Knitted carpets appeared earlier than velveted carpets. Carpet weaving technology can be traced back to at least 2000 BC. Carpet fragments of the 7th century BC were excavated near Ankara, Turkey's capital. In 1949, archaeologists found a well-preserved woollen carpet in a tomb built in the 5th century B.C. in Mount Altai, which is the famous Bazerek carpet. Bazerek carpet is 1.83 meters wide and 2 meters long. The whole pattern has two big edges and 24 small squares in the center. Each small square has small patterns. There are deer and cattle in the first side, and a group of ancient warriors riding horses in the second side. They form two continuous patterns. They are dense, compact and complete. There are 36 knots planted per square centimeter. They are also rare and high-grade carpets by present standards.

After the assassination of the last king of the Sassanian Empire (226-642), the invading Arabs found a 7.8 square metre carpet in the palace, covered with flowers, trees and winding rivers, and decorated with elaborately inlaid pearls and precious stones, in order to enable the king to enjoy the warmth of spring in the long winter, which is known as the "Spring Land". Carpet. Because Islamists pray every day, Islamic villages and tribes often weave their totems or letters on prayer blankets, and the colors and patterns are handed down from generation to generation. They were dyed with vegetable dyes according to formulas handed down from ancient times, and the looms used for weaving blankets were also very suitable for the relocation of nomadic tribes, which were easy to disassemble and install. Many women and children work in carpet weaving. Sometimes several people work together on a loom and weave according to the pattern recipe sung by the leader. A wise leader often has hundreds of patterns in his head.

In 711, the Moors invaded Spain from North Africa and began centuries of conflict between Islam and Christianity. The war also played an important role in promoting the introduction of carpets into Europe objectively. Spain became the first country to master the Oriental carpet weaving technology and created carpet patterns with its own characteristics. Spanish carpet weaving reached its peak in the 16th to 17th centuries, but gradually declined after the 19th century.

After the Moors conquered Spain, they began to invade France. The French fought back and drove out the invaders, but some Moors settled in central France and taught carpet weaving techniques to the local people. But the early products were only small blankets. By the time of Henry II in the 15th century, a carpet-weaving school had been built in Paris. Since then, carpets from Savonari have covered the palaces of France and become a symbol of national culture. By the 18th century, the colorful, full-fledged and magnificent Obison carpets had also developed.

Persian carpets in the 16th century are renowned in Europe for their charming patterns and colors. Many carpets have become treasures of museums and collectors around the world and are reflected in Italian paintings. The world-famous hunting carpet, courtyard carpet and vase carpet were formed during this period

The Eastern carpet was introduced to England in 1254. King Edward I of England married a Queen of Spain. The queen brought many oriental carpets and Spanish carpets, which had a great impact on the upper class of Britain. It became fashionable to appreciate and collect oriental carpets and use them for a while. At the same time of importing a large number of Oriental carpets, they began to imitate, and real British carpets appeared.

In the second half of the 18th century, the industrial revolution broke out in Europe, and the great industrialization of textile production began. The carpet loom was invented by Britain in the 1970s, which ended the situation that handmade carpets dominated the world. It has many similarities with ordinary looms. The difference is that it is equipped with a velveting mechanism, so that the carpet surface can form a specific shape of velvet. The earliest machine-made carpet was made in Brussels. It was plain. The wool-planted part of the carpet was in the shape of a wool circle. Later, it was improved. So Wilton carpet came out.

At the end of the 19th century, more advanced Exminster carpets appeared. Ekminster is a city in England. It was famous for producing handmade carpets in the 18th century. Later, it produced machine-made carpets. Its products were named for their similarities to the original handmade carpets. Machine-made down carpet is developed from hand-made down. In 1895, Evans, a young girl from Georgia, invented a new needle method. She fixed the yarn on the base cloth, set aside coils, and pruned it like a bunch of grass, so it was called down planting.

Hand-woven carpets are collectively called Oriental hand-woven carpets in the western world. Their origins are usually Persia (now Iran), Turkey, the Caucasus, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and China.


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